Zoran Music — 1909–2005
Anton Zoran Music was born in Slovenia, in a village near the border with Italy. He visited Vienna and Prague often during his studies, where he saw works by Secessionist painters Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele. After leaving the Academy of Dine Arts in Lublijana, he traveled to Spain, where he copied works by El Greco and Goya, but fled to Dalmatia upon the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936. The dusty hills of this region had a profound influence on his palette. In 1944, Music was charged with collaborating with anti–German groups and was arrested by the Gestapo. Deported to Dachau, he made drawings of the horrors he witnessed and lived through. After the U.S. army liberated the camp in 1945, the artist settled in Venice, where he painted his first self–portraits and horses, and made watercolors of the Zattere and of St. Mark’s. The series entitled We Are Not the Last has its source in Music’s wartime experiences. Following the war –and perhaps in reaction to it, Music painted landscapes without people in dry, muted tones inspired by the countryside in Dalmatia and around Siena. Music continued to exhibit internationally since the 1950s. His work includes rocky landscapes, cathedral interiors and self–portraits.